Reasoning Machine Input Output Questions

Logical Reasoning question on Machine Input Output. Input Output Questions asked in PO mains Exam. Reasoning Input Output Questions for Banking & Insurance Exams SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS PO/Clerk, RBI, SEBI, NABARD, LIC and other govt. exams.  If you are preparing for upcoming Banking & Insurance Exams, you will come across a section on the Reasoning Ability Section. Here we are providing you Reasoning Machine Input Output Questions for Banking & Insurance Exams, based on the latest pattern of your daily practice.

In Reasoning section One of the most scoring section is Reasoning Machine Input Output. Machine Input Output Questions will help you learn concepts on important topics in Reasoning Ability Section. Reasoning Machine Input Output Questions is a major topic asked in many of the Banking Exams. You can expect a set of 5 questions from this topic. This Machine Input Output Questions can be quite easy to attempt and prove to be scoring if you have practice of all types of Machine Input Output Questions.

Reasoning Machine Input Output Questions | Set – 4

Direction (1-10) Study the given information and answer the questions: When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: 97 stress 42 resilience 68 tough 73 ductile 41 malleable 39 rhythm
Step I: rhythm 97 stress resilience 68 tough 73 ductile 41 malleable 39 42
Step II: stress rhythm 97 resilience tough 73 ductile 41 malleable 39 42 68
Step III: tough stress rhythm 97 resilience 73 ductile 41 malleable 42 68 39
Step IV: ductile tough stress rhythm 97 resilience 73 malleable 42 68 39 41
Step V: malleable ductile tough stress rhythm 97 resilience 42 68 39 41 73
Step VI: resilience malleable ductile tough stress rhythm 42 68 39 41 73 97

Step VI, is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the given steps find out the appropriate steps for the given input.
Input: 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 sky 26 education

1. In which of the following step the elements ’53 education 26’ is found in the same order?
A. Step I
B.  Step IV
C.  Step V
D. Step II
E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. Step V

Explanation:   Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that both numbers and words are arranged in each step. Numbers are arranged from the right end and words are arranged from left end.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the number of vowels present in the word in increasing order from right to left i.e. the word having least number of vowel is arranged first, then the next word is arranged to its left and so on..
(b) For numbers arrangement- First the even numbers are arranged in increasing order from left to right and then similarly odd numbers are arranged .

Input: 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 sky 26 education .
Step I: sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 education 26
Step II: hand sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 education 26 84
Step III: refer hand sky knowledge 53 aptitude 9 17 education 26 84 100
Step IV: knowledge refer hand sky 53 aptitude 17 education 26 84 100 9
Step V: aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 53 education 26 84 100 9 17
Step VI: education aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 26 84 100 9 17 53

2. What is the difference between the numbers which are fourth from right in Step IV and first from right in Step VI?
A. 28
B. 31
C. 27
D. 30
E. None of these

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that both numbers and words are arranged in each step. Numbers are arranged from the right end and words are arranged from left end.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the number of vowels present in the word in increasing order from right to left i.e. the word having least number of vowel is arranged first, then the next word is arranged to its left and so on..
(b) For numbers arrangement- First the even numbers are arranged in increasing order from left to right and then similarly odd numbers are arranged .

Input: 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 sky 26 education .
Step I: sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 education 26
Step II: hand sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 education 26 84
Step III: refer hand sky knowledge 53 aptitude 9 17 education 26 84 100
Step IV: knowledge refer hand sky 53 aptitude 17 education 26 84 100 9
Step V: aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 53 education 26 84 100 9 17
Step VI: education aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 26 84 100 9 17 53

3. In step V, ‘refer’ is related to ‘53’ and ‘26’ is related to ‘9’. In the same way ‘sky’ is related to?

A. 26
B. hand
C. education
D. 100
E. None of the above

Explanation: Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that both numbers and words are arranged in each step. Numbers are arranged from the right end and words are arranged from left end.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the number of vowels present in the word in increasing order from right to left i.e. the word having least number of vowel is arranged first, then the next word is arranged to its left and so on..
(b) For numbers arrangement- First the even numbers are arranged in increasing order from left to right and then similarly odd numbers are arranged .

Input: 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 sky 26 education .
Step I: sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 education 26
Step II: hand sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 education 26 84
Step III: refer hand sky knowledge 53 aptitude 9 17 education 26 84 100
Step IV: knowledge refer hand sky 53 aptitude 17 education 26 84 100 9
Step V: aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 53 education 26 84 100 9 17
Step VI: education aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 26 84 100 9 17 53

4. Which element is exactly in between ‘aptitude’ and ‘9’ in step IV of the given arrangement?
A. 17
B. knowledge
C. 26
D. 84
E. None of these

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that both numbers and words are arranged in each step. Numbers are arranged from the right end and words are arranged from left end.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the number of vowels present in the word in increasing order from right to left i.e. the word having least number of vowel is arranged first, then the next word is arranged to its left and so on..
(b) For numbers arrangement- First the even numbers are arranged in increasing order from left to right and then similarly odd numbers are arranged .
Input: 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 sky 26 education .
Step I: sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 education 26
Step II: hand sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 education 26 84
Step III: refer hand sky knowledge 53 aptitude 9 17 education 26 84 100
Step IV: knowledge refer hand sky 53 aptitude 17 education 26 84 100 9
Step V: aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 53 education 26 84 100 9 17
Step VI: education aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 26 84 100 9 17 53

5. How many steps are required to arrange the following input?

A. eight
B. seven
C. five
D. six
E. None of these

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see each step, then we can find that both numbers and words are arranged in each step. Numbers are arranged from the right end and words are arranged from left end.
(a) For words arrangement- Words are arranged according to the number of vowels present in the word in increasing order from right to left i.e. the word having least number of vowel is arranged first, then the next word is arranged to its left and so on..
(b) For numbers arrangement- First the even numbers are arranged in increasing order from left to right and then similarly odd numbers are arranged .
Input: 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 sky 26 education .
Step I: sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 hand 84 education 26
Step II: hand sky 100 knowledge 53 aptitude 9 refer 17 education 26 84
Step III: refer hand sky knowledge 53 aptitude 9 17 education 26 84 100
Step IV: knowledge refer hand sky 53 aptitude 17 education 26 84 100 9
Step V: aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 53 education 26 84 100 9 17
Step VI: education aptitude knowledge refer hand sky 26 84 100 9 17 53

Directions:(6-10)

Direction – Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. A number arrangement machine when given an input of numbers/words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input air steps of rearrangement.
Input: 57 order privacy 34 69 artificial 16 intact 45 landscape 74 perfection
Step I: 74 57 privacy 34 69 artificial 16 intact 45 landscape perfection order
Step II: 45 74 57 privacy 34 69 artificial 16 landscape perfection order intact
Step III: 34 45 74 57 privacy 69 16 landscape perfection order intact artificial
Step IV: 57 34 45 74 privacy 69 16 perfection order intact artificial landscape
Step V: 16 57 34 45 74 69 perfection order intact artificial landscape privacy
Step VI: 69 16 57 34 45 74 order intact artificial landscape privacy perfection
This is the final arrangement and step VI is the last step for this input.

Answer the following questions based on the input given below.
Input: 63 38 update working extend 15 94 struggle 33 employee message 22

6. Which of the following is the second step for input?

A. 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 22 update extend employee message
B. 15 94 63 22 update extend employee message 38 working struggle 33
C. 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend
D. 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee 15 message 22 update extend
E. None of these

Correct Answer – C. 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i)- In each step only one word and one number are getting arranged. First the words start with vowel are arranged in descending order and then the words start with consonant are arranged in ascending order according to dictionary from left end to right end. The word starts with same letter arrange according to length of the word, the word which have minimum numbers of letters arrange first.
(ii)- Numbers are divisible by 2 and 3 are getting arranged in every alternative step, such as in I-step the highest number divisible by 2 is getting arranged and then in II-step the lowest number which is divisible by 3 is getting arranged and so on. Numbers are arranged from right end to left end.

Input: 63 38 update working extend 15 94 struggle 33 employee message 22
Step I: 94 63 38 working extend 15 struggle 33 employee message 22 update
Step II: 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend
Step III: 38 15 94 63 working struggle 33 message 22 update extend employee
Step IV: 33 38 15 94 63 working struggle 22 update extend employee message
Step V: 22 33 38 15 94 63 working update extend employee message struggle
Step VI: 63 22 33 38 15 94 update extend employee message struggle working

7. Which of the following is the last step of above input?
A. III
B. VI
C. VII
D. IX
E. None of these

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i)- In each step only one word and one number are getting arranged. First the words start with vowel are arranged in descending order and then the words start with consonant are arranged in ascending order according to dictionary from left end to right end. The word starts with same letter arrange according to length of the word, the word which have minimum numbers of letters arrange first.
(ii)- Numbers are divisible by 2 and 3 are getting arranged in every alternative step, such as in I-step the highest number divisible by 2 is getting arranged and then in II-step the lowest number which is divisible by 3 is getting arranged and so on. Numbers are arranged from right end to left end.
Input: 63 38 update working extend 15 94 struggle 33 employee message 22
Step I: 94 63 38 working extend 15 struggle 33 employee message 22 update
Step II: 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend
Step III: 38 15 94 63 working struggle 33 message 22 update extend employee
Step IV: 33 38 15 94 63 working struggle 22 update extend employee message
Step V: 22 33 38 15 94 63 working update extend employee message struggle
Step VI: 63 22 33 38 15 94 update extend employee message struggle working

8. Which is the following step?
Step: 22 33 38 15 94 63 working update extend employee message struggle
A. VI
B. III
C. IV
D. V
E. There is no such step

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i)- In each step only one word and one number are getting arranged. First the words start with vowel are arranged in descending order and then the words start with consonant are arranged in ascending order according to dictionary from left end to right end. The word starts with same letter arrange according to length of the word, the word which have minimum numbers of letters arrange first.
(ii)- Numbers are divisible by 2 and 3 are getting arranged in every alternative step, such as in I-step the highest number divisible by 2 is getting arranged and then in II-step the lowest number which is divisible by 3 is getting arranged and so on. Numbers are arranged from right end to left end.
Input: 63 38 update working extend 15 94 struggle 33 employee message 22
Step I: 94 63 38 working extend 15 struggle 33 employee message 22 update
Step II: 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend
Step III: 38 15 94 63 working struggle 33 message 22 update extend employee
Step IV: 33 38 15 94 63 working struggle 22 update extend employee message
Step V: 22 33 38 15 94 63 working update extend employee message struggle
Step VI: 63 22 33 38 15 94 update extend employee message struggle working

9. What is 4th element from right end in Step III?
A. 22
B. update
C. 63
D. message
E. extend

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i)- In each step only one word and one number are getting arranged. First the words start with vowel are arranged in descending order and then the words start with consonant are arranged in ascending order according to dictionary from left end to right end. The word starts with same letter arrange according to length of the word, the word which have minimum numbers of letters arrange first.
(ii)- Numbers are divisible by 2 and 3 are getting arranged in every alternative step, such as in I-step the highest number divisible by 2 is getting arranged and then in II-step the lowest number which is divisible by 3 is getting arranged and so on. Numbers are arranged from right end to left end.
Input: 63 38 update working extend 15 94 struggle 33 employee message 22
Step I: 94 63 38 working extend 15 struggle 33 employee message 22 update
Step II: 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend
Step III: 38 15 94 63 working struggle 33 message 22 update extend employee
Step IV: 33 38 15 94 63 working struggle 22 update extend employee message
Step V: 22 33 38 15 94 63 working update extend employee message struggle
Step VI: 63 22 33 38 15 94 update extend employee message struggle working

10. Which of the following elements lies exactly between 63 and update in step IV?
A. 15
B. message
C. 22
D. struggle
E. working

Explanation:

Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i)- In each step only one word and one number are getting arranged. First the words start with vowel are arranged in descending order and then the words start with consonant are arranged in ascending order according to dictionary from left end to right end. The word starts with same letter arrange according to length of the word, the word which have minimum numbers of letters arrange first.
(ii)- Numbers are divisible by 2 and 3 are getting arranged in every alternative step, such as in I-step the highest number divisible by 2 is getting arranged and then in II-step the lowest number which is divisible by 3 is getting arranged and so on. Numbers are arranged from right end to left end.
Input: 63 38 update working extend 15 94 struggle 33 employee message 22
Step I: 94 63 38 working extend 15 struggle 33 employee message 22 update
Step II: 15 94 63 38 working struggle 33 employee message 22 update extend
Step III: 38 15 94 63 working struggle 33 message 22 update extend employee
Step IV: 33 38 15 94 63 working struggle 22 update extend employee message
Step V: 22 33 38 15 94 63 working update extend employee message struggle
Step VI: 63 22 33 38 15 94 update extend employee message struggle working

Note:

• Click Show Correct Answers button to view Explanation