List of All Branches of Biology - GK Notes in PDF
List of All Branches of Biology - GK Notes in PDF

List of All Branches of Biology – GK Notes in PDF

What Is Biology? – One can get confused when it comes to knowing about Biology and its branches. Biology is the study of life and living organisms. It is a broad field including many branches and sub disciplines. Biologists study structure, function, growth, evolution, distribution, identification and taxonomy. Below are the main branches of study included in this field.

Branches of Biology – Introduction

One of the three major branches of natural science is biology. This branch of science is related to the study of life and its processes. There are several branches and are invented by various scientists. Biological science is classified into various branches, depending upon the organisms to be studied, and is a vast field.

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Today we are providing you a “List of All Branches of Biology for SSC & Railway Exams” in PDF  format which are useful to understand the various phenomena’s related to life and important for examinations perspective also like SSC, Railways, UPSC, State Services & Etc.

List of All Branches of Biology

Branches of Biology Definition
Agrostology It is the scientific study of the grasses
Agrology Soil science dealing especially with production of the crop
Agronomy Science of soil management and production of the crop
Allometry Study of the relationship of body size to shape, anatomy, physiology and finally behavior.
Anthology Study of flowers
Anatomy It is a branch of biology which deals with the study of internal structure of an organism as revealed by dissection.
Aphidology Study of Aphids (Plant Lice)
Archaeobiology Study of the biology of ancient times through archaeological materials.
Anthropology The science of man and mankind including his physical and mental constitution, cultural development and social conditions of present and past is called anthropology.
Agriology Study of customs of primitive man.
Arthrology Study of joints.
Aerobiology Study of flying organisms in relation with other flying objects
Biocybernetics Application of Cybernetics to Biological Sciences.
Bacteriology Study of bacteria.
Biophysics Study of physical aspects of living systems.
Biochemistry Study of chemicals constituting the body and chemical reactions.
Biotechnology Utilization of living organisms in Industrial Processes
Biogeography Study of the geographic distributions of living organisms.
Cell Biology Study of structure, functions, reproduction, and life cycle of cells.
Chronobiology Study of time-dependent phenomena in living organisms.
Ctetology Study of acquired characters of organisms.
Craniology Study of skulls
Cryobiology Study of the effects of low temperatures on living organisms.
Cytology Study of the detailed structure of cells.
Cardiology Study of heart and its functioning.
Dendrology Study of shrubs and trees.
Ecology Study of relationships between organism and environment.
Eidonomy Study of the external appearance of an organism.
Endocrinology Study of ductless glands and their hormones
Ethology Study of behavior of animals
Ethnobiology Study of the way plants and animals are treated or used by different human cultures.
Evolution Study of origin of life, variation and formation of new species.
Etiology Study of the causative agent of disease.
Entomology Study of the life history of insects.
Eugenics Study of science dealing with factors which improve successive generations of the human race
Euthenics Science deals with the improvement of future of humanity by changing environment.
Euphenics Treatment of defective in heredity through genetic engineering.
Enzymology Study of enzymes
Embryology Study of development of embryo and its growth and repair.
Exobiology Study of the possibility of life in space.
Esthesiology Scientific study of sensation.
Floriculture Cultivation of flower yielding plants.
Forensic Biology Application of Biology to law enforcement.
Fermentation Process of incomplete oxidation that occur in microbes and other cells in absence of oxygen, leading to the formation of ethyl alcohol.
Forestry Development and management of forest.
Food technology Scientific processing, preservation, storage and transportation of food.
Fishery Catching, breeding, rearing and marketing of fishes.
Forensic science Application of science for identification of various facts of civilian.
Genetics Study of heredity and variations.
Growth Permanent increase in weight, volume and size of an organism.
Genetic Engineering Manipulation of gene in order to improve the organism.
Gerontology Study of the social, psychological, cognitive and biological aspects of aging.
Gynecology Study of the female reproductive organ.
Gastroenterology Study of alimentary canal or stomach, intestine and their disease.
Glycobiology Study of the structure, biosynthesis, and biology of saccharides (sugar chains or glycan’s)
Haematology Study of blood and disease caused by it.
Hepatology Study of Liver
Hygiene Science taking care of health
Helminthology Study of parasitic worms
Hydroponics Study of growing plant without soil in water which contain nutrient
Hypotonic In two solutions which have lower solute concentration is called hypotonic.
Herpetology Study of reptiles
Hydrobiology Science of life and life processes in water.
Immunology Study of natural or acquired resistance to specific diseases.
Ichthyology Study of fish and its culture
Karyology Study of the nucleus
Katology Study of Human Beauty
Kinesiology Study of muscle movements
Koniology Study of dust in relation to its effects on health.
Limnology Study of snails
Lipidology Study of lipids
Mastology Study of breasts
Morphology Study of form and structure
Myology Study of muscles
Mycology Study of fungi
Microbiology Study of microorganisms like bacteria and viruses
Molecular Biology Study of chemicals living at the molecular level
Metazoans All multicellular animals are called metazoans
Mammalogy Study of mammals
Malacology Study of molluscs and their shells.
Medicine Study of treating disease by drug.
Mammography Branch of science which deal test of breast cancer.
Mechanobiology Study of interface of Biology and Engineering.
Monoecious Plant which have both male and female flower.
Neonatalogy Study of new born up to the age of 2 months
Nephrology Study of Kidneys
Neurology Study of neurons and nerve rings.
Nutrients Chemical substance taken as food which are necessary for various function, growth and heath of living.
Nosology Classification of diseases
Osteology Study of skeletal system
Osmosis Movement of water molecule across the semipermeable membrane from the region of its higher concentration to the region of lower communication.
Odontology Study of Teeth
Organology Study of different organs
Obstetrics Science related withthe care of pregnant women before, during and after childbirth.
Ontogeny Study of various life-cycles
Ornithology Study of birds
Ophthalmology Study of eyes
Ophiology Study of snakes
Olericulture Study of cultivation of vegetables
Orthopaedic Diagnosis and repair of disorder of the locomotery system
Oncology Study of tumors
Physiology Study of process and function associated with life
Pathology Study of diseases, effects, causable agents and transmission of pathogens.
Phylogeny Study of evolutionary relationship among different groups of organisms
Paleontology Study of fossils
Pigment A substance which absorb light of certain wavelength like chlorophyll found in green leaves.
Parasite Organism which depend on other living organism for their food and shelter.
Parasitology Study of parasites
Primatology Study of primates
Protozeology Study of protozoa
Physiotherapy Treatment of body defects through massage and exercise.
Psychiatry Treatment of mental disease
Pisciculture Rearing of fishes
Pedology Study of different types of soils
Phenomics Study of the physical and biochemical traits of organisms
Pediatrics Branch of medicine dealing with children
Phenology Study of periodic plant and animal life cycle events.
Pomology Study of Fruits
Phycology Study of Algae
Psychobiology Study of behavioural aspects of animals
Phytogeography Study of plant distribution on the earth
Pharmacology Scientific study of drugs
Photobiology Study of interaction of light and living organisms
Protistology Study of protists (Eukaryotic Microorganisms)
Phvtoplaniktons Microscopic organism which passively float on the surface of the water.
Psychology Study of human mind and behavior
Paleobotany Study of distribution and characteristics of fossils.
Radiology Study of effects of radiation on the living being
Rhinology Study of nose and olfactory organs
Sarcology Study of muscles
Scotobiology Study of Biological effects of darkness
Sonography Study of ultrasound imaging
Sociobiology Study of the biological bases of sociology
Syndesmology Study of bone joints and ligaments
Saurology Study of lizards
Serology Study of blood serum
Sphygmology Study of pulse and arterial pressure.
Silviculture Study of cultivation of timber yielding plants.
Sericulture Study of the production of silk and the rearing of silkworms for this purpose.
Splanchnology Study of internal organs
Tectology Study of structural organization of the body
Trophology Study of nutrition science
Traumatology Study of wounds
Termitology Study of termites
Tricology Study of hairs
Toxicology Study of poisons and method of treatment
Taxonomy Study of classification, nomenclature and identification ofthe organism.
Teratology Study of abnormalities during embryogenesis
Therapeutics Treatment of disease
Telepathy Communication of thoughts or ideas from one mind to another without normal use of senses. In other word this is the process of mental contact.
Urology Study of urine and its diseases
Virology Study of viruses
Venereology Study and treatment of venereal diseases
Veterinary Science Science of health care and treatment of domestic animals.
Xylotomy Study of anatomy of wood/xylem
Zoology Study of animals
Zoogeny Origin and development of Animals
Zoogeography It is the study of the distribution of animals in different geographic regions
Zymology Study of the fermentation process
Zootechny Science of breeding and domesticating animals
Zoonosology It is the study of handicapped animals
Zoopathology Study of diseases of animals

List of All Branches of Biology : Download In PDF 

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